Each step you take above the sea level makes you feel oxygen deprived. This is probably one of the reasons that many high altitude levels require acclimatization before you reach the final place.
If the acclimatization is not done, then this may cause health issues like altitude sickness. This sickness may get fatal at times. Nose bleeding is also one such symptoms. The altitude sickness affects the functioning of the lungs and the brain the most.
Who may get affected and what are the basic reasons?
It is no rule to feel the sickness while you move up. The effects vary from person to person. Some may adjust faster and some may take time. It is usually the pace at which you are climbing, as the main reason behind developing the sickness. The quicker you move, the faster you develop the sickness. Individuals who are above 60 years of age may be extra sensitive to the sickness.
The root cause of such sickness is the lesser availability of oxygen. Oxygen reduces as you go above the sea levels. Since the oxygen is not received by the body, it affects the body tissues directly. This is known as hypoxia.
If you move slowly, then the sickness may go unnoticed. With the subtle acceptance of the acclimatization process of your body, you may develop no problem at all. An average human can survive until the levels of 3000 meters i.e. 10000 feet above the sea level. But at and beyond 5100 meters i.e. 17000 feet above the sea level, bottled oxygen becomes a necessity.
What are the risk factors?
Following are the factors that are considered as a risk when climbing up
- Overweight problem
- If suffering from any type of chronic disease
- Excessive drinking
How to react if symptoms arrive?
- If some mild symptoms get visible, then try and stay at a comfortable level for a day or two.
- If the symptoms do not get subsided, then move downwards for better stability.
- There are various types of medications available including Ginkgo biloba, a herbal medicine.
Climbing up the mountains can be fun for many of you, and a necessity for some. If you are a native of higher altitudes, then you may not develop any such symptoms or issues. However, being a native, there are several aspects that you must consider especially acclimatization. Be extra conscious, if you have children with you