Vacations plus the season of summer, the blend is perfect for you to plan a trip to a beach or a lake with your loved ones. While you are soaking in the fun factor and the water, you tend to ignore the several health aspects. There are probably thousands of germs present in the foam created in the water. These germs and such factors may leave you nauseated, with cramps and several such symptoms.
It is the germs present in the water that may make a happy day sad. No one wants to go to the hospital after a day of fun. Usually the danger is not visible and is extremely silent. Storms are the major reason behind development of bacteria in the sea water. Even routine checkups are not able to reduce the levels of the bacteria.
The water at a swimming pool is the best and safest for swimming. The water of a lake and sea could be safe too, provided if it has been tested well. If the water is not safe, then you may develop several health hazards. The exposure to contaminated water may give rise to several health issues, which are mild and can be fatal too.
Shigellosis and Norovirus
Shigella is a bacterium. The presence of shigella causes diarrhea, which might also include blood passing along with stools. Fever and stomach cramps develop after a few days of exposure to the infected water. A person gets prone to the infection, if the sewage is exposed to the water line, which carries the pool water.
Even toddlers, who are not potty trained, get infected fast. The infection does not require any medication provided it is not severe. Pain in the joints, irritation in the eyes, and painful urination may need some medicinal help. The bacterial infection can be controlled to a great extent if the hands are washed frequently.
Norovirus is the main root cause of severe gastroenteritis. This virus causes inflammation inside the stomach and the intestines. This inflammation often leads to the following:-
- Stomach ache
The infection may get communicated through infected swimmers. Moreover, the viral infection can be cured only if the overall effect on the body is removed and the virus is weakened. Consumption of enough water may prevent the dehydration that the diarrhea may cause. It has been observed that the infection subsides within a few days.You can read more about it here.
E.coli and cryptosporidium
Drinking infected water while the swimmer is up to some special swimming stroke may cause the infection. The symptoms are very much common like the ones mentioned above like diarrhea and urinary infection.
A different illness that may cause is pneumonia and respiratory related issues. Prevent the problems by thoroughly washing your hands and body with clean water and avoiding swallowing of contaminated water.
One of the commonly known illnesses is crypto. It is a parasite. Diarrhea caused because of this may proceed for some more weeks. Other symptoms are:-
- Weight loss
- Stomach cramps
- Dehydration and
Pregnant women are very prone to such infections and so are young children with weak immunity.
Prevention is better than cure and that is why making sure whether the water is fine to enter or not may prevent such issues.