Health Problems Near Sea Destinations

Vacations plus the season of summer, the blend is perfect for you to plan a trip to a beach or a lake with your loved ones. While you are soaking in the fun factor and the water, you tend to ignore the several health aspects. There are probably thousands of germs present in the foam created in the water. These germs and such factors may leave you nauseated, with cramps and several such symptoms.

It is the germs present in the water that may make a happy day sad. No one wants to go to the hospital after a day of fun. Usually the danger is not visible and is extremely silent. Storms are the major reason behind development of bacteria in the sea water. Even routine checkups are not able to reduce the levels of the bacteria.

The water at a swimming pool is the best and safest for swimming. The water of a lake and sea could be safe too, provided if it has been tested well. If the water is not safe, then you may develop several health hazards. The exposure to contaminated water may give rise to several health issues, which are mild and can be fatal too.

Shigellosis and Norovirus

Shigella is a bacterium. The presence of shigella causes diarrhea, which might also include blood passing along with stools. Fever and stomach cramps develop after a few days of exposure to the infected water. A person gets prone to the infection, if the sewage is exposed to the water line, which carries the pool water.

Even toddlers, who are not potty trained, get infected fast. The infection does not require any medication provided it is not severe. Pain in the joints, irritation in the eyes, and painful urination may need some medicinal help. The bacterial infection can be controlled to a great extent if the hands are washed frequently.

Norovirus is the main root cause of severe gastroenteritis. This virus causes inflammation inside the stomach and the intestines. This inflammation often leads to the following:-

  • Nausea
  • Stomach ache
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting

The infection may get communicated through infected swimmers. Moreover, the viral infection can be cured only if the overall effect on the body is removed and the virus is weakened. Consumption of enough water may prevent the dehydration that the diarrhea may cause. It has been observed that the infection subsides within a few days.You can read more about it here.

E.coli and cryptosporidium

Drinking infected water while the swimmer is up to some special swimming stroke may cause the infection. The symptoms are very much common like the ones mentioned above like diarrhea and urinary infection.

A different illness that may cause is pneumonia and respiratory related issues. Prevent the problems by thoroughly washing your hands and body with clean water and avoiding swallowing of contaminated water.

One of the commonly known illnesses is crypto. It is a parasite. Diarrhea caused because of this may proceed for some more weeks. Other symptoms are:-

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Stomach cramps
  • Dehydration and
  • Fever

Pregnant women are very prone to such infections and so are young children with weak immunity.

Prevention is better than cure and that is why making sure whether the water is fine to enter or not may prevent such issues.

Health Problems You Might Face In High Altitudes

Each step you take above the sea level makes you feel oxygen deprived. This is probably one of the reasons that many high altitude levels require acclimatization before you reach the final place.

If the acclimatization is not done, then this may cause health issues like altitude sickness. This sickness may get fatal at times. Nose bleeding is also one such symptoms. The altitude sickness affects the functioning of the lungs and the brain the most.

Who may get affected and what are the basic reasons?

It is no rule to feel the sickness while you move up. The effects vary from person to person. Some may adjust faster and some may take time. It is usually the pace at which you are climbing, as the main reason behind developing the sickness. The quicker you move, the faster you develop the sickness. Individuals who are above 60 years of age may be extra sensitive to the sickness.

The root cause of such sickness is the lesser availability of oxygen. Oxygen reduces as you go above the sea levels. Since the oxygen is not received by the body, it affects the body tissues directly. This is known as hypoxia.

If you move slowly, then the sickness may go unnoticed. With the subtle acceptance of the acclimatization process of your body, you may develop no problem at all. An average human can survive until the levels of 3000 meters i.e. 10000 feet above the sea level. But at and beyond 5100 meters i.e. 17000 feet above the sea level, bottled oxygen becomes a necessity.

What are the risk factors?

Following are the factors that are considered as a risk when climbing up

  • Overweight problem
  • If suffering from any type of chronic disease
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive drinking

How to react if symptoms arrive?

  • If some mild symptoms get visible, then try and stay at a comfortable level for a day or two.
  • If the symptoms do not get subsided, then move downwards for better stability.
  • There are various types of medications available including Ginkgo biloba, a herbal medicine.

Climbing up the mountains can be fun for many of you, and a necessity for some. If you are a native of higher altitudes, then you may not develop any such symptoms or issues. However, being a native, there are several aspects that you must consider especially acclimatization. Be extra conscious, if you have children with you